University national autonomous of MEXICO Faculty of philosophy and letters seminar MONOGRAPH of philosophy politics MARX today PhD student: JOSe LUIS chain MONTENEGRO, M.Sc. Professor: Dr. Cesareo Morales Mexico D.F. November 2004. THE first section CAPITAL: Commodity and currency few works in the history of humanity have been controversial permanent and translated into so many languages by its impact on the daily life of the man.
It is the Capital one of those works in which perhaps, unintentionally, Carlos Marx left a legacy of empirical knowledge, scientific and others, which have been interpreted several times during more than one century and that today, faced with the apparent failure of capitalism as an economic system, incapable of the most basic problems of humanity seems to be back. Is such the amount of printed works of the Capital since 1946 in the past century, the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute in Moscow began to register the variants of different original editions of the work and the preparatory materials, many of them still unpublished, which served as basis in order to rescue the truly scientific. It is necessary to note then, that translations and philosophical interpretations of Marx have been impregnated with ideology and extreme passion and therefore in not a few cases, the exaggerations and inaccuracies play definite role in different versions on the same theme. It is clear if the theories put forth in this work, deepened and still maintain the class struggle around the essential elements of the discussion, is worth say, land, labour and capital. Although Carlos Marx was who demonstrated more clearly than the envelope unpaid worker manual or intellectual work constitutes the added value or the profits of capital, however, other economists had already vaguely the fact. Thus for example, said Ricardo: the integer value of the articles of the settler and the manufacturing is divided into two portions alone; one form it the profits of capital, while the Another is enshrined in the wage of the workers. .