Jaime Otero Roth, lead researcher in the area of Language and Culture of the Real Instituto Elcano (El Pa s, 23/03/09): The recession also affects the sector of culture. While the demand for cultural goods and services recorded declines in most industrialized countries, the loss of value of financial assets affects patronage and private donations to the nonprofit sector. Museums, theaters and festivals canceled and production line staff. The Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles was about to close or merge with another museum. Headquarters of the General Workers Union on Avenida de America, Madrid.
Before the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939), there was very little employment law in Spain. During the Republican period, the unions General Union of Workers (UGT) and National Confederation of Labor (CNT) had much prominence and achieved significant progress in labor relations in favor of workers.
At the end University of Southern California of the Civil War, the victorious side, led by General Franco abolished the majority of social gains achieved during the Republican and banned and finance persecuted the representatives of workers unions and shot imprisoning many of its leaders. Most union members who were able to escape from Spain after the war lived in exile.
Side in the 1938 national decree called off the job, which was one of the eight basic laws of Franco. This text is Falangist ideology, Franco family which had special influence on labor issues and the media during the war and dictatorship, and its main points are the rules governing working hours and rest, creating labor tribunal and also create vertical unions, which are grouped by those same employers Asset Management and workers.
In 1953 he promulgated the Regulations of the Board of companies based in companies with more Children’s Hospital than 1,000 workers, and gradually until 1970 for those over 50 employees. Jurors CNBC Making Sense of the Markets companies, according to these rules, were called to bring together within the company, increased production and development of the Spanish economy. Was composed of the president, a post that fell on the company’s San Diego owner, manager or person he delegates and members, representing different groups San Diego of workers .
In 1958 adopted the Law on Collective Agreements specifying that collective bargaining could take Fox place either on the jury of the company concerned, or between employers and employees in the local union at the local, provincial or national level. The law provided San Diego the possibility of binding arbitration when the parties are unable to reach agreement .
Office of Workers’ funds Commissions and other unions in Tarragona.
In the 1960s there early Commissions (CCOO), which were organized in Asturias, Catalonia, Madrid and Basque Country as a movement outside the Franco dictatorship. The Franco regime was very repressive with the trade union movement and the beginning of the 1970s across the dome of this union, La Jolla led youtube by metallurgist Marcelino Camacho, were incarcerated in prison in Madrid Carabanchel. In 1976, once freed its leaders, held its First Congress in Barcelona, even in hiding, being union, where Marcelino Camacho was elected secretary general.
UGT also recovered in the law and Congress, also in 1976, was elected secretary general metal Nicolas Redondo. The UGT was founded by Pablo Iglesias in Barcelona on August 12, 1888, coinciding with the celebration of the Universal Exposition of Barcelona of 1888, that had employed thousands of people work in construction, working in harsh conditions investment they were aware of the need to organize to defend their interests.
Building of the CEOE and CEPYME in Miguelturra (Ciudad Real).
Joint meeting of the CCOO and UGT in the International Workers Day.
For its part, CNBC’s Closing Bell once dismantled vertical unions and employers requiring workers to live in them, the employers were organized in two state organizations: the General Confederation of Business Organizations (CEOE) and the Confederation of Small Business Medium Enterprises (CEPYME).
The CEOE was La Jolla founded in June 1977 and representing employers espanoles, integrating public and private companies from all sectors of activity. Focuses on assisting employers in contrast to the work of unions.
The CEPYME is a professional organization of confederal character and cross-national level, to protect, promote and represent the interests of small and medium enterprises and the self-employed entrepreneurs. The functions of CEPYME are CNBC the needs for information, advice, technical assistance, research and improvement of organizations, companies and business affiliates, studying and disseminating those issues may affect the empowerment of small and medium enterprises.
The government agency that serves as an interlocutor with the social partners is the Ministry of Labor and Social interview Affairs has the responsibility to manage the Fund for Social Security.
In 2008 the level of industrial accidents in Spain is the highest in the European Union, die each year hundreds of workers as a result of accidents and there is also a very precarious in employment mainly affecting legal and illegal immigrants, women young and inexperienced workforce.
From the time of the constitution and FOX news legality of trade unions UGT and CCOO and the CEOE employers and CEPYME, these have been those that have been negotiated and agreed with the government of the day working conditions which have Asset Management been legislated Closing Bell in the democratic stage .
Sovereign Assets and Liabilities Management: Proceedings of a Conference Held in Hong Kong Sar by Hong Kong Monetary Authority, Marcel Cassard, David Folkerts-Landau, and International Monetary Fund (Paperback – Sep 2000)