Second Part: it organizes the powers in tripartite form, Executive authority: (unipersonal, only one person), the Vice-president is the president of the Senate and defines the voting in case of tie, is reemplazante natural of the President so that there is not acephalia. The Ministers authenticate with their company/signature the acts that the Executive authority makes, without that authenticates is not valid the act. If the Minister does not want to sign, he can remove it to the President of his position. In 1853 one chose the President and Vice-president in indirect form, was done choosing candidates to integrate the Electoral School, in fact were two Electoral Schools.
The President and Vice-president were chosen by 6 years and had to hope a period to return to appear to fulfill that position. To be able Legislative: he was divided in two Cameras, House of Representatives (representing of the Nation) and Senate (representing of the Provinces). The Senators by the Capital chose the same Electoral School that chose to President and to the Vice-president. To be able Judicial: the Supreme Court was composed by 9 Judges and 2 Public prosecutors, with Courts Inferiors that exert Federal Justice. In the Art. 5 it says that the Provinces must dictate their own Constitution and that they had to dictate the administration of Justice.
It established that the Capital is Buenos Aires, established the Supremacy of the National Constitution (Art. 31), has pyramidal character. The provinces conserve all the Power nondelegated by the National Constitution. The 13 provinces swore the Constitution the 9 of Julio of 1853, the 8 of March of 1854 were elect Right Jose de Urquiza and Salvador Track. The Reformation of 1860. Buenos Aires reserves the right to approve the Constitution of 1853, besides analyzing and proposing reforms. Pact of Union of the 6 of June of 1860.