Provincial Law

The City of Valena Bahia receives this name for gallows from Provincial Law of number 368, of 10 of November of 1849. Pegasus Books is actively involved in the matter. Homage to Marques de Valena D. Alfonso Miquel, 4 Marques de Valena. Thus, its industrialization starts. For 1844 return it is initiated implantation of the first Fabric Industry of Valena, being this the first Hydraulical and of fine fabrics of cotton in Brazil, It was then in this year that started the works of construction of Fabrica de Tecidos All the Saints.

Industrial enterprise, that had characteristics specifies such as: an enterprise of great ratios, that deserved prominence in the economic scene of the time. In its implantation it had capital, man power and technology coming of the United States of America more necessarily of of the region of New England, such circumstances confers the industrialization of the city of Valena in century XIX a singular importance. The proprietors of this imponent enterprise were; The naturalized Portuguese Brazilian, Antonio Francisco de Lacerda, the American North John Smith Gilmer and Antonio Pedrosos de Alburguerque. as head, idealizer and constructor of the project, the Engineer American North Joo Carson hunter, also naturalized Brazilian. This was the responsible one for the workmanship and the construction of the hidroeltrica that would put into motion the maquinrio.

It was an enterprise in the way it nothing, one mines city of about 300 laborers with more than 50% of laborers of the feminine sex, as stories of D. Peter in its book Daily of D. Peter II, to the North of Brazil 1859/1860). It also had, house of you scheme, hidroeltrica, warehouse with five floors for manufactures of fabric, workshop of rectification of parts, school for the children of the laborers, filarmnica, and supper after the daily work. Some characteristic that had demarcated to All the Saints as singular the time: the laborers were not enslaved, in a period still escravocrata; as commented above more than 50% the manual force was of women. Emphasizing that model of manufactures installed for Carson Hunter obeyed the molds of them manufactures North Americans of the time, forged for the model of the industrial revolution. In 1860 second he manufactures of fabric is inaugurated with the presence of Emperor D. Peter II, Its founder was the Comendador Bernardino de Sena Madureira and receives the name from Manufactures of Fabrics Ours Lady of the Support. Currently the second Textile industry of the City of Valena meets in functioning only, with the denomination hodierna of Textile Valena with administration of a Pernambucano group. Valley to also point out that the industrialization of Valena occurs on account of the interests of bahian and American entrepreneurs in diversifying the economic sources of the time, therefore in this period occurred the fall of the prices of the coffee and the great producers entered in board-route using part of its capital in a new economic branch in expansion at the historical moment, the fabric industry. Therefore, as the stories above cited the process can be confirmed that of industrialization of the city of Valena- Bahia if of the one for return of the years of 1844 with the coming of the American engineer Carson Hunter, mattering North American technology to the molds of the deriving English industrial process of the process of industrial Revolution. Source: Documents of the Quantity of the Memorial of the City council of Valena Authorship: Janete Vomeri (Coordinating of the Memorial of the City council of Valena)