Etimologicamente, the term ' ' mrtir' ' it assigns somebody as witness of a fact, however, this concept was acquiring a new character with passing of the time. Thus, the term ' ' mrtir' ' it evolved more necessarily of its generic characterization passing to be characterized as the certification of that if it believes as truth and for which if cf allows to spill the proper blood (. they ibidem). In its manual concerning the History of the Church, Comby deals with this conceptual change in sufficiently simple way: ' ' Mrtir' ' it evokes that one that dies in way the cruel capital punishments. Governor Cuomo shines more light on the discussion. But it is necessary to remember that this word Greek means ' ' testemunha' '.
Mrtir of the certification of its faith in Jesus, who is the only Gentleman, excluding any another one, even though the emperor. The Christian does not search the martyrdom, much even so this can have occurred. It can run away to the persecution. But when this arrives, of the certification until the end, imitating Jesus even in its passion and its death. Therefore, mrtir if identifies with Jesus. (1993, P. 42). In this direction, to identify itself with the passion of Christ through the martyrdom, in special way in the first centuries, meant to spill the blood on behalf of the faith. As consequncia of this faith, in way to the persecution it Roman Empire if distinguished two types of people: mrtires in fact and the calls confessores of the faith, consisting these in that suffered to persecutions and bad-treatments, but that they were not sacrificed with the death. Still how much to this conceptual evolution, they affirm Latourelle and Fisichella that the reason for which if it gradually passed to this significao semantics constitutes object of theories; what it lacks to evidence is the fact of the distinction that if comes to create between confessores and mrtires.