While there are many factors responsible for this trend, the increase of transnational crime is due in large part to the elimination of physical, political, social, and economic barriers that were present during the Cold War. International trade agreements such as the Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and multilateral agreements in Europe and Asia have open borders and trade around the world. The U.S. international trade. UU. alone is twice the volume than it was in 1994, and if current trends continue, that will double again in 2005.
Therefore, as global trade and increased international border controls decreased, there was a significant, if not exponential, increase in drug trafficking, weapons, women, children, diamonds, minerals and other commodities. In addition, advances in telecommunications, information technology and finance have facilitated the flow of information and capital across international borders. While the impact of globalization on poor states remains a subject of intense debate, there is little disagreement on how transnational criminals have prospered in the new global economy. Today, transnational criminals can operate in multiple jurisdictions, without fear of persecution and move millions of dollars to shelters around the world. Second, dynamic and adaptive nature of transnational crime is a phenomenon difficult to understand and fight effectively.
Unlike bound by conventional ground force field, transnational criminals adapt quickly to changes in the environment. If you put undue pressure on a professional enterprise, the organization often find ways to eliminate the source of pressure or prevent it. In addition, Van Duyne says that criminals are market driven and respond to the changing demands of illegal products, services and capital.