When we think of an exotic vacation, Brazil is one of the top destinations that come into our mind.Samba, warm beaches and the famous Carnival are just some of the images that cross our minds.Where can we find all this? If not is at Rio de Janeiro, the famous metropolis where everyone always is Diviertenrio de Janeiro or river simply, as they call the locals, has many attractions for tourists, among them the beautiful landscape, the Carnival and the famous giant statue of Christ, Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer), recently chosen, among other famous monuments, to be one of the new seven wonders of the modern world. It is not surprising that the city has been named A Cidade wonder (wonderful city).Until 1960, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil (after it was previously the capital of the Portuguese Empire).Today, although the capital was moved to Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro not only remains the second most important city in the southeast of Brazil, after Sao Paulo, but also an important cultural centre. The city was founded in 1565, on 1 March, by the Portuguese Knight Estacio de Sa called.His full name was San Sebastian de Rio de Janeiro, 20?, although nowadays use only the second half of the name.In the event that you want to know, that name meant San Sebastian of the River 20 January and the city was named so in honour of San Sebastian, which is traditionally celebrated on January 20. Today, with a population of around 12 million inhabitants, Rio de Janeiro is one of the largest cities in the world.Most of the city’s population is of Portuguese origin, but there are also a large number of descendants of Africans.With other ethnic groups is most important, as Germans, Italians, Spaniards, Arabs, Jews, Koreans and Japanese, Rio de Janeiro is a real Babylon, a picturesque place where all cultures and traditions of the mixture.If you want to know more about the history of the city, try the trip to Brazil Forum, where you will find a lot of information about the ancient times of Brazil.