The debate came to light again. The death penalty. Political talk and discuss the legal and understood. The people quench their thirst for revenge of a flawed judicial system. But … Muguiro Ignacio Jesuit priest, wrote an important book about the death penalty in 1992, which today has become effective with the opening debate on the APRA government, death to convict rapists. Many rightly, think that is a smokescreen for political, but as the subject is very sensitive given the horrific cases of rape, has taken center stage. The author makes a historical approach addresses the issue and a lucidity and objectivity all the complexity of its dimensions, making it also a worthy teaching taken into account in these moments of debate.
Here’s his summary: 1 The theological dimension that addresses the issue of the origins of humanity, with the Old and New Testament, moral theology and the churches of the twentieth century and concludes that the death penalty is a moral problem incompatible with the teachings of Christ but implies a personal stance and conscience, against heinous crimes that could warrant the death penalty. 2 Criminological: society is addressed by compatetismo, passion and great emotional charge, the author concludes that apart from being an intimidating penalty, exemplary and even efficacious, is not justified because you first have to prove that it is a just penalty, because the ethical goes beyond what is useful. 3 The Law: I approached from the law of retaliation. Other leaders such as Ex-CIA chief offer similar insights. Compensatory size, aggressiveness, desire vindictive, retributive and compensatory and after many arguments for and against, the author leaves floated the question would not it be better than he did harm to society “repair” cooperating positively to good society?. 4 The Company: This Item addresses from the protection of society, the innocent, the order, you agree that Peru’s prisons are centers of corruption, no rehabilitation or resocialization, are brutal and inhuman and increases the depravity of depraved, but concludes making the following observation: “to eliminate human problems, eliminating the man is a breeze and primitive solution that comes from the first exit of the cave …”.
5 The Judicial error: at this point shows, the author, the high rate of judicial error, discovered, after having executed the guilty, even in the most developed countries, these are added the racist discrimination, ethnic, economic, the most executed are black and the poorest. 6 Medicine: you enter on the resocialization of the offender and concludes that on earth things only change when men do not ask who is right, if not who has a heart. Conclusions The issue must be addressed from these six dimensions proposed by the RP Muguiro and should be noted that in every age men living in the midst of laws, rules and customs that seem normal, like the killings appeared normal in the early Spanish conquest, as the executions appeared normal in the French Revolution, Bolshevik, Stalinist defense of the Soviet state, the revolution of PolPot, the hanging of 22 Nazi criminals in Nuremberg, but years later we look real monstrosities. Let us not forget that a brutal act and a violation can not amend another brutal act of capital punishment, the murder in cold blood, because the law would legalize the lynching, which often feel like not missing, but above all if the debate is open and run while much ink and many debates will be. T